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By Zvi Gitelman

Now again in print in a brand new edition!
A Century of Ambivalence
The Jews of Russia and the Soviet Union, 1881 to the Present
Second, improved Edition
Zvi Gitelman

A richly illustrated survey of the Jewish ancient event within the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union, and the post-Soviet era.

"Anyone with even a passing curiosity within the heritage of Russian Jewry may want to personal this splendid... book." ―Janet Hadda, la Times

"... a badly wanted historic viewpoint on Soviet Jewry.... [Gitelman] is evenhanded in his therapy of assorted classes and subject matters, in addition to in his total assessment of the Soviet Jewish experience.... A Century of Ambivalence is illuminated through a unprecedented selection of pictures that vividly mirror the hopes, triumphs and agonies of Russian Jewish life." ―David E. Fishman, Hadassah journal

"Wonderful photographs of well-known personalities, unknown villagers, small hamlets, markets and communal constructions mix with the textual content to create an uplifting [book] for a huge and basic audience." ―Alexander Orbach, Slavic Review

"Gitelman’s textual content offers a major observation and cautious ancient explanation.... His portrayal of the promise and disillusionment, desire and melancholy, highbrow restlessness succeeded through speedy repression enlarges the reader’s realizing of the dynamic forces in the back of essentially the most vital hobbies in modern Jewish life." ―Jane S. Gerber, Bergen Jewish News

"... a lucid and fairly aim well known heritage that expertly threads its means during the dizzying reversals of the Russian Jewish experience." ―Village Voice

A century in the past the Russian Empire contained the biggest Jewish group on the planet, numbering approximately 5 million humans. this day, the Jewish inhabitants of the previous Soviet Union has faded to part one million, yet continues to be most likely the world’s 3rd biggest Jewish group. within the intervening century the Jews of that sector were on the heart of a few of the main dramatic occasions of contemporary history―two global wars, revolutions, pogroms, political liberation, repression, and the cave in of the USSR. they've got undergone tumultuous upward and downward financial and social mobility and skilled nice enthusiasms and profound disappointments. In startling photos from the records of the YIVO Institute for Jewish examine and with a full of life and lucid narrative, A Century of Ambivalence strains the old adventure of Jews in Russia from a interval of creativity and repression within the moment half the nineteenth century during the paradoxes posed by means of the post-Soviet period. This redesigned version, such as greater than two hundred pictures and sizeable new chapters at the destiny of Jews and Judaism within the former Soviet Union, is perfect for basic readers and school room use.

Zvi Gitelman is Professor of Political technological know-how and Director of the Jean and Samuel Frankel heart for Judaic stories on the college of Michigan. he's writer of Jewish Nationality and Soviet Politics: The Jewish Sections of the CPSU, 1917–1930 and editor of sour Legacy: Confronting the Holocaust within the USSR (Indiana college Press).

Published in organization with YIVO Institute for Jewish Research

Contents
Introduction
Creativity as opposed to Repression: The Jews in Russia, 1881–1917
Revolution and the Ambiguities of Liberation
Reaching for Utopia: construction Socialism and a brand new Jewish Culture
The Holocaust
The Black Years and the grey, 1948–1967
Soviet Jews, 1967–1987: To Reform, Conform, or Leave?
The "Other" Jews of the previous USSR: Georgian, principal Asian, and Mountain Jews
The Post-Soviet period: Winding Down or initiating Again?
The Paradoxes of Post-Soviet Jewry

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2,766 649 314 166 239 ? Source: GAKO, f. 26, op. 1, d. 5394. 56 The state granted Orthodox state peasants in Molochna land allotments of fifteen desiatinas per male soul. In practice, average landholdings most of the time would have been lower than this, because the peasants received their allotment upon arrival in the region, and it was then increased after each subsequent census to account for natural population growth. Consequently, between censuses, as natural population growth drove the population higher, the average landholding fell lower.

Colonization and Administrative Policy 29 Different Peoples, Different Policies Ultimately, the paternalistic Russian state saw all its peasants as wards. However, it had different policies towards different ethnocultural groups of Molochna settlers. These policies depended upon the state's perception of the settlers' ability to be self-sufficient, their potential to contribute to the state's welfare, and the threat they posed to the state's security. The state presumed that Orthodox state peasants required its wardship if they were to avoid starvation; the taxes peasants paid and the recruits they supplied to the tsar's armies were explicitly recognized as payment for such wardship.

The second vital component in Wolfs definition is the transfer of surpluses to ruling elites. 24 The most influential modern scholar of peasant studies is political scientist James C. Scott. Primarily concerned with the relationship between subordinate and superordinate classes, Scott is interested in defining the ways subordinates resist superordinates and in explaining how resistance mechanisms shape the larger societies shared by both groups. 25 As a by-product of his research Scott has found a particularly powerful tool for defining peasant perceptions of justice, showing that redistributive mechanisms in peasant communities should be understood, not as a product of an innately egalitarian ethic, but rather as a logical microeconomic system that has evolved to ensure subsistence under conditions of dearth.

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