Download A Critical Introduction to Testimony by Axel Gelfert PDF

By Axel Gelfert

The epistemology of testimony is a speedily constructing quarter in modern analytic philosophy. during this first thorough survey of the new debate at the topic, Axel Gelfert offers an in-depth creation to what has turn into one of many liveliest debates in modern epistemology.

Covering latest literature and significant debates, A severe advent to Testimony discusses the epistemic prestige of testimony-based ideals, relates alterations to correct advancements in different components and gives a severe viewpoint on present and destiny study traits. Devoting house to either the purposes of social epistemology and the bigger conceptual problems with wisdom, Gelfert not just introduces the epistemology of testimony; he deals an updated advent to epistemology. built with a mixture of examine questions, examples, and recommendations for extra examining, scholars of up to date epistemology will locate this a competent advisor to learning testimony as a resource of knowledge.

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Christensen 2007: 193) 26 A CRITICAL INTRODUCTION TO TESTIMONY The question of how to react to such peer disagreements – whether to reduce one’s confidence in one’s own result, or whether to take the fact of disagreement as evidence that the other person is probably wrong – has recently given rise to a new sub-area in philosophy, the epistemology of disagreement. What matters for the purposes of our discussion here is the fact that assessing the testimony of others will often involve determining whether they are our epistemic peers, or whether they are epistemically inferior – or superior – to us.

The problem is most acute when dealing with descriptions of cases that have been stripped of all contextual and background information. Yet it is worth keeping in mind that such cases are, in fact, relatively rare. g. g. ) and active inquiry. A working knowledge of one’s social environment, and of the pathways by which we receive the testimony of others, will therefore have an important role to play in deciding whether to accept or reject a given claim. 4. Broad and narrow definitions of testimony Having presented a number of examples of testimony and having noted some of the peculiarities that afflict different kinds of testimony, let us now look at how philosophers have tried to give some unity to this diversity.

And active inquiry. A working knowledge of one’s social environment, and of the pathways by which we receive the testimony of others, will therefore have an important role to play in deciding whether to accept or reject a given claim. 4. Broad and narrow definitions of testimony Having presented a number of examples of testimony and having noted some of the peculiarities that afflict different kinds of testimony, let us now look at how philosophers have tried to give some unity to this diversity.

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