By Robert Service
Russia had a rare 20th century, present process upheaval and transformation. Updating his acclaimed History of contemporary Russia, Robert provider presents a wide ranging point of view on a rustic whose Soviet earlier encompassed revolution, civil warfare, mass terror, and international wars. He exhibits how seven many years of communist rule, which penetrated each element of Soviet lifestyles, proceed to steer Russia this day. This new version takes the tale from 2002 in the course of the whole presidency of Vladimir Putin to the election of his successor, Dmitri Medvedev.
Read or Download A History of Modern Russia: From Tsarism to the Twenty-First Century, Third Edition PDF
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Extra info for A History of Modern Russia: From Tsarism to the Twenty-First Century, Third Edition
This situation limited the Russian Orthodox Church’s ability to act as the unifying promoter of Russian national values. Compelled 10 and russia ? to act as a spiritual arm of the tsarist state, the Church conducted a campaign of harassment against the Russian sects. The kind of intellectual effervescence characteristic of ‘national’ churches in other countries was discouraged in Russia. The tsar and his ecclesiastical hierarchy wanted an obedient, obscurantist traditionalism from the Russian Orthodox Church, and had the authority to secure just that.
A second upsurge of opposition took place in June 1914 in St Petersburg. 25 The recurrence of strikes and demonstrations was an index of the liability of the tsarist political and economic order to intense strain. The Emperor, however, chose to strengthen his monarchical powers rather than seek a deal with the elected deputies in the State Duma. Not only he but also his government and his provincial governors could act without reference to legal procedures. The Duma could be and was dispersed by him without consultation; electoral rules were redrawn on his orders.
There were rumours that the Okhrana, the political police of the Ministry for the Interior, had facilitated Bogrov’s proximity to the premier – and even that the Emperor may have connived in this. Whatever the truth of the matter, the Emperor resumed policies involving the minimum of co-operation with the State Duma. Intelligent conservatism passed away with the death of Pe¨tr Stolypin. Yet it was no longer possible for tsarism to rule the country in quite the old fashion. In the eighteenth century it had been exclusively the nobility which had knowledge of general political affairs.