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By J. Freely

A historical past of Ottoman Architecture'''' provides a transparent and concise description of the heritage of the structure produced less than the Ottoman Empire, targeting the extant structures within the Republic of Turkey, quite these in Istanbul and the empire's previous capitals in Bursa and Edirne. The monuments in every one bankruptcy are defined in chronological order, with pictures of every of them (sometimes in previous prints exhibiting them as they have been in occasions past), in addition to photos displaying their plan and elevation. No different publication at the background of Ottoman structure is so richly illustrated, permitting the reader to work out at a look how Ottoman structure advanced throughout the pre- classical, classical, baroque, and early glossy sessions. The booklet starts off with a short background of the Ottoman Empire, by way of an overview of the most positive aspects of Ottoman structure and its ornament, then a short biography of the good Ottoman architect Sinan. Successive chapters stick to the improvement of Ottoman structure from 1453 till 1923

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Two more eyvans flank the central hall, both of them with deep arches to north and south to provide a square at the upper level for the hemispherical dome. Here as elsewhere these side eyvans were used as hospices for mendicant dervishes. indd 38 23/10/10 5:49 AM A History of Ottoman Architecture made from the square or rectangular base to the circular or elliptical cornice. All of the domes are carried on drums that are octagonal on the exterior. 00 metres high at the crown, resting on a belt of eight fan-shaped panels of triangles between tall roundheaded windows.

These medreses functioned at several academic levels, some being mere secondary schools, others teaching more advanced subjects, while still others were colleges for specialised subjects such as theology, law, medicine, learning the Kuran (darülkura) and the hadis (darülhadis), or traditions of the Prophet. There were also primary schools, or sibyan mektebi (sometimes simply called a mektep), which are usually small buildings with a single domed classroom and an apartment for the teacher, or hoca.

The Greek invasion of Asia Minor was finally halted by the Turkish Nationalists under Mustafa Kemal, who occupied Izmir on 9 September 1922 when the Greek army left the city, much of which was destroyed by fire in the following days. An armistice was signed in Mudanya on 11 October, in which it was agreed that the Nationalists would occupy all of Thrace east of the �Maritza River except for Istanbul and a zone along the straits, which would continue to be held by the British until a final peace treaty was signed.

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