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By Jonathan Dean Sarris

Most americans ponder the Civil conflict as a chain of dramatic clashes among monstrous armies led by means of romantic-seeming leaders. yet within the Appalachian groups of North Georgia, issues have been very diversified. concentrating on Fannin and Lumpkin counties within the Blue Ridge Mountains alongside Georgia’s northern border, A Separate Civil warfare: groups in clash within the Mountain South argues for a extra localized, idiosyncratic knowing of this momentous interval in our nation’s heritage. The e-book finds that, for lots of members, this struggle was once fought much less for summary ideological factors than for purposes tied to domestic, kinfolk, neighbors, and community.

Making use of a giant trove of letters, diaries, interviews, executive files, and sociological facts, Jonathan Dean Sarris brings to existence a formerly obscured model of our nation’s so much divisive and damaging warfare. From the outset, the possibility of secession and battle divided Georgia’s mountain groups alongside the traces of race and faith, and battle itself in basic terms heightened those tensions. because the accomplice govt started to draft males into the military and grab provides from farmers, many mountaineers turned extra disaffected nonetheless. They banded jointly in armed squads, combating off accomplice squaddies, country defense force, and their very own pro-Confederate pals. an area civil battle ensued, with both sides seeing the opposite as a possibility to legislation, order, and neighborhood itself. during this very own clash, either factions got here to dehumanize their enemies and use tools that stunned even professional squaddies with their savagery. but if the struggle used to be over in 1865, each one faction sought to sanitize the prior and combine its tales into the nationwide myths later popularized in regards to the Civil struggle. by means of arguing that the cause of deciding on facets had extra to do with neighborhood issues than with competing ideologies or social or political visions, Sarris provides a much-needed worry to the query of why males fought within the Civil War.

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Meanwhile, the “pick and shovel boys” attended political barbecues and marched through the streets waving hickory bushes and wearing coonskin caps. Thus, “the great mass of golddiggers . . ” 38 As the issues of Union, secession, and the territorial expansion of slavery dominated national political rhetoric during the 1840s and 1850s, Lumpkin County residents actively participated in these national debates. When the crisis of 1850 threatened the Union, most north Georgians took a cautiously anti-secession stance.

S. Congress from Georgia’s fifth district. He retired from Congress in 1854 to become an instrumental figure in the formation of Fannin County, which he represented in the state legislature. A friend and confidante of fellow Democrat A poor north Georgia family shucking corn outside their cabin. This lifestyle was the norm in much of Fannin County, and class divisions would play an important role in the region’s internal civil war. indb 39 4/24/06 11:15:08 AM 40 / A Separate Civil War and fellow north Georgian Joseph E.

Some rich individuals, most notably John C. Calhoun, also ran highly rationalized mining operations in the area, using slave labor to extract thousands of dollars in gold. By the 1850s, when Lumpkin County experienced a second gold boom, even larger firms operated in the region. With the help of outside investors and imported state-ofthe-art technology, mining operations in Lumpkin became organized, sophisticated, and destructive. The Yahoola and Cane Creek Hydraulic Company, a Boston-owned firm, employed hundreds of slave and free laborers and invested one million dollars in an attempt to build a thirtythree-mile-long system of trenches and flumes in Lumpkin County.

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