By Angelo Basile, Suzana Pereira Nunes
Membrane fabrics enable for the selective separation of gasoline and vapour and for ion shipping. fabrics learn and improvement maintains to force advancements within the layout, manufacture and integration of membrane applied sciences as severe elements in either sustainable strength and fresh functions. Membrane utilisation deals method simplification and intensification in undefined, delivering reasonably cheap, and effective and trustworthy operation, and contributing in the direction of emissions discount rates and effort safeguard. complex membrane technology and expertise for sustainable power and environmental purposes offers a entire assessment of membrane utilisation and integration inside of strength and environmental industries.
Part one introduces the subject of membrane technological know-how and engineering, from the basics of membrane tactics and separation to membrane characterization and monetary research. half specializes in membrane utilisation for carbon dioxide (CO2) seize in coal and fuel energy crops, together with pre- and post-combustion and oxygen shipping applied sciences. half 3 reports membranes for the petrochemical undefined, with chapters protecting hydrocarbon gasoline, average gasoline and synthesis gasoline processing, in addition to complex biofuels creation. half 4 covers membranes for substitute power purposes and effort garage, equivalent to membrane expertise for redox and lithium batteries, gasoline cells and hydrogen creation. ultimately, half 5 discusses membranes utilisation in business and environmental functions, together with microfiltration, ultrafiltration, and ahead osmosis, in addition to water, wastewater and nuclear strength applications.
With its wonderful editors and staff of specialist members, complex membrane technology and know-how for sustainable power and environmental purposes is a necessary reference for membrane and fabrics engineers and brands, in addition to researchers and teachers attracted to this field.
- Presents a complete evaluate of membrane technology and know-how, concentrating on advancements and functions in sustainable strength and clean-industry
- Discusses the basics of membrane techniques and separation and membrane characterization and fiscal analysis
- Addresses the main problems with membrane utilisation in coal and gasoline energy vegetation and the petrochemical undefined, using membranes for replacement strength purposes and membrane utilisation in business and environmental applications
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Additional info for Advanced Membrane Science and Technology for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Applications
Various mixed matrix membranes of alumina (Al2O3) with CAc (Wara, Francis, and Velamakkani, 1995), CAP (Mukherjee & De, 2013), PA (Saleh & Gupt, 2012), and PVDF (Yan, Li, & Xiang, 2005; Yan, Li, Xiang, & Xianda, 2006; Yan, Hong, Li, & Li, 2009) were prepared to change membrane properties such as hydrophilicity, permeability, and fouling resistance. Yan et al. (2005, 2006) prepared a PVDFeAl2O3 nanocomposite membrane with different concentrations of Al2O3 (1 nm) using the phase inversion method.
See Valence band VBC. See Vinylbenzyl chloride VCR. See Volume concentration ratio 641 VDT. See Vacuum decay test VEDCMD. See Vacuum-enhanced direct contact membrane distillation Veolia Water, Ltd CeraMemÒ element, 51, 51f Vibrating module systems, 108 Vibrating shear-enhanced processing (VSEP), 108, 110f, 585–586 Vinylbenzyl chloride (VBC), 292–293 4-vinylpyridine (4-VP), 290 Viscous ﬁngering, 56–57 VMD. See Vacuum membrane distillation Volume concentration ratio (VCR), 562–564 Volumetric permeate ﬂux, 524 4-VP.
Improvement of chitosan properties and performance was considered the main achievement of fabricating such nanocomposites. , 2009; Han, Lee, Choi, & Park, 2010). Moreover, many studies were conducted on the adsorption of pollutants onto the chitosaneclay composites in which the increment of the adsorption capacity of chitosan membranes was proved as a result of adding clay nanoparticles (An & Dultz, 2007; Bleiman & Mishael, 2010; Celis, Adelino, Hermosin, & Cornejo, 2012; Chang & Juang, 2004; Nesic, Velickovic, & Antonovic, 2012; Pandey & Mishra, 2011).