Download After the Deluge: Poland-Lithuania and the Second Northern by Robert I. Frost PDF

By Robert I. Frost

The Swedish invasion of 1655, recognized to Poles ever because because the 'Swedish deluge', provoked the political and army cave in of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the second-largest country in Europe. Robert Frost examines the explanations for Poland's fall and the behavior of the conflict by means of the Polish executive, and addresses the the most important query of why, regardless of frequent reputation of the shortcomings of the political procedure, next makes an attempt at reform failed. struggle has lengthy been obvious as the most important to the improvement of more suitable structures of presidency in Europe throughout the 17th century, yet reports frequently pay attention to states which spoke back effectively to the demanding situations. a lot could be discovered from those who failed, and the paucity of English-language fabric in this very important clash implies that After the Deluge will attract a extensive viewers between historians of Poland, Germany, Scandinavia, Russia, and early glossy Europe generally.

Show description

Read Online or Download After the Deluge: Poland-Lithuania and the Second Northern War, 1655-1660 PDF

Similar russia books

Blowing Up Russia: The Secret Plot to Bring Back KGB Terror

Blowing Up Russia includes the allegations of ex-spy Alexander Litvinenko opposed to his former spymasters in Moscow which ended in his being murdered in London in November 2006. within the publication he and historian Yuri Felshtinsky aspect how when you consider that 1999 the Russian mystery provider has been hatching a plot to come to the fear that used to be the hallmark of the KGB.

Knowledge as a Driver of Regional Growth in the Russian Federation

The Russian Federation has a heritage of greater than two decades of transformation to a marketplace economic system, yet in addition to an information society, to seem again on. This research takes a glance on the wisdom iteration, wisdom transmission and information use contained in the Federation because the early Nineties. in addition, in mild of the excessive dependence of the Russian economic system at the oil and fuel sectors this research analyzes the impression wisdom similar elements have on neighborhood source of revenue iteration following thereby towards Schumpeterian development idea.

Journey into the Whirlwind

Either witness to and sufferer of Stalin’s reign of terror, a brave lady tells the tale of her harrowing eighteen-year odyssey via Russia’s prisons and exertions camps.

Translated by means of Paul Stevenson and Max Hayward. A Helen and Kurt Wolff booklet

Solovki: The Story of Russia Told Through Its Most Remarkable Islands

Situated within the northernmost reaches of Russia, the islands of Solovki are one of the such a lot distant on the earth. And but from the Bronze Age in the course of the 20th century, the islands have attracted an awesome solid of saints and scoundrels, infantrymen and politicians. the positioning of an attractive medieval monastery - as soon as domestic to at least one of the best libraries of jap Europe - Solovki turned within the 20th century a infamous labour camp.

Extra info for After the Deluge: Poland-Lithuania and the Second Northern War, 1655-1660

Sample text

15 Coxe castigated the total confusion he saw in the administration of public affairs and concluded that Polish liberty was 'the source of Polish wretchedness; and Poland appears to me ... 16 Until the mid-seventeenth century, however, there had been little to indicate that this would prove to be the case: the Commonwealth appeared to be eminently capable not just of defending itself but of expanding. Poland-Lithuania was the most dynamic state in northern and eastern Europe between 1450 and 1617, as it benefited most from the collapse of the great crusading orders along the Baltic coastline in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, winning control of Danzig and Royal (West) Prussia in 1466, suzerainty over Ducal (East) Prussia in 1525 and control of Livonia in 1561.

It was not just Protestants who were affected. The Union of Lublin, which transferred the Ukraine to Polish control, opened it up to the forces of the CounterReformation. Orthodox nobles were also affected by the growing monopoly on royal patronage enjoyed by Catholics, and a number of leading Orthodox families turned Catholic. The situation was further complicated by one of the great triumphs of the Counter-Reformation, when the establishment of the Greek Catholic or Uniate Church at the Union of Brest in 1596 sought to end the schism between Orthodox and Catholic: the Commonwealth's Orthodox hierarchy agreed to accept the authority of the Pope in return for being allowed to follow the Orthodox rite.

22 The victory of this point of view among the nobility sounded the deathknell for the diet's chances of developing into an effective parliamentary body. During the 1660s, recourse to the veto became common: it had only been used twice between 1652 and 1662; between 1664 and 1668 it was used on five occasions. 19 20 21 22 Coxe, Travels^. 121. Anderson, Lineages p. 286; cf. A. I. Kouri and T. ), Politics and Society in Reformation Europe. Essays for Sir Geoffrey Elton on his Sixty-Fifth Birthday (London, 1987) p.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.32 of 5 – based on 32 votes

Author: admin