By Hans Ruthenberg
In early 1961 the Ho-Institut fur Wirtschaftsforschung (Ho-Institute for fiscal examine) proven an "African stories Centre" with the aid of the Fritz-Thyssen-Foundation to behavior learn into the industrial and political difficulties of constructing nations, with spe cial connection with the African international locations. by way of investigations into thestructure and clients of improvement within the constructing nations, the stories Centre will objective at contributing in the direction of the construction of a genuine foundation, at the foundation of which the Federal Republic's enhance ment coverage should be performed successfully. during this "age of improvement" the social and monetary sciences are faced with manifold initiatives. In fixing those, interdisciplinary co operation will turn out helpful or even crucial, if fallacious and slim decisions are to be kept away from. Co-operation among scientists and institutes engaged in several branches of study will make attainable a greater und er status of the advanced useful dating which ensure fiscal occasions and their mutations outdoors Western commercial society than might be in most cases accomplished by means of an remoted method. clever total financial making plans, for instance, calls for technological research simply up to an actual wisdom of social constitution or actual context. At this element the economist needs to co-operate heavily with the engineer if he needs to prevent wasting his approach as a rule styles of progress. For, "des lors que nous parions (du developpement) en quantites globales, nous ne parions de rien" (LoUIs ]OSEPH LEBRET).
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Extra info for Agricultural Development in Tanganyika
Some farmers are buying Jersey cows from the estates in order to seIl milk to their neighbours. The annual milk yield per exotic cow lies between 400-600 gallons. Some farmers buy additional bran and pyrethrum cake; they also grow grass for fodder, either in terraces between the coffee or in separate plots. If the cows are properly looked after, fodder grass shows greater monetary returns per acre than either coffee or bananas. Hence grass becomes another cash crop. The farmers are encouraged to grow their own grass by the fact that the purchase of hay from the steppes carries the danger of introducing East Coast Fever.
Below the forest belt it is mainly beans, maize and bananas that are grown; follöwing this there is a broad belt, of particular importance commercially, of coffee and banana farming, with bananas predominating in densely populated areas. Maize is grown on the lower slopes, where there is less rain. In the course of five decades an important and particularly interesting type of farm has developed in the coffee-banana belt. These are small farms of between 1 and 4 acres, on which almost always mixed coffee and banana crops are grown (see Table 12).
Grass is sometimes planted to reinforce the banks of brooks and erosion gullies. 5. SCHEVEN reports that soil whidt has been washed away is carried balk in baskets, and that flat rolks have been covered with earth, so that crops can grow on them. The measures taken by the inhabitants to control erosion have not been sufficient. In the areas of low fertility where the grass is used for roof coverings, long and deep erosion gullies have developed. The local administration has temporarily financed the construction of terra ces.