Download An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Knowledge and by John Locke PDF

By John Locke

Show description

Read Online or Download An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Knowledge and Opinion PDF

Best epistemology books

Perceptual Acquaintance: From Descartes to Reid (Minnesota Archive Editions)

Perceptual Acquaintance was once first released in 1984. Minnesota Archive variants makes use of electronic expertise to make long-unavailable books once more obtainable, and are released unaltered from the unique college of Minnesota Press variants. Philosophers, wrote Thomas Reid in 1785, "all consider that we understand now not exterior items instantly, and that the rapid gadgets of notion are just definite shadows of the exterior items.

Aristoteles und die Geburt der biologischen Wissenschaft

Martin F. Meyer untersucht die Entwicklung des lebenswissenschaftlichen Denkens von den frühsten Anfängen bis zur Geburt der wissenschaftlichen Biologie bei Aristoteles. Der Autor zeigt im ersten Teil, wie sich zentrale biologische Begriffe (Leben, Lebewesen, Mensch, Tier, Pflanze) im frühgriechischen Denken, bei den Vorsokratikern und in der sogenannten Hippokratischen Medizin entwickelt haben.

Additional info for An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Knowledge and Opinion

Example text

But he doesn’t increase his own knowledge through this procedure, any more than someone increases his riches by taking a bag of counters and calling one ‘a pound’, another ‘a shilling’, a third ‘a penny’. This latter person can undoubtedly add correctly and reach a large sum on the bottom line, without being any richer - indeed, without even knowing how much a pound, a shilling, or a penny is, except that a pound contains twenty shillings and a shilling twelve pennies. One can do ·something analogous to· that with the meanings of words, by making them more or less comprehensive than one another.

For he will find each time that his assent comes from the agreement (or disagreement) which his mind, by bringing the ideas together in a single thought, immediately finds in them corresponding to the affirmation (or negation) in the proposition. 3. Is this self-evidence special to the propositions that commonly pass under the name of ‘maxims’ and have the title of ‘axioms’ conferred on them? Plainly it is not: various other truths that are not counted as axioms are equally self-evident. To see this, let us go over the sorts of agreement or disagreement of ideas that I discussed earlier, namely Ÿidentity, Ÿco-existence, Ÿrelation, and Ÿreal existence.

It is evident from what I have already said that maxims are of no use to prove or confirm less general self-evident propositions. 2. It is equally clear that they have never been the foundations on which any science [= ‘branch of knowledge’] has been built. [Locke goes on to pour scorn on the view that a branch of knowledge could be based on What is, is or its like. He concedes that in theological disputes maxims can ‘serve to silence wranglers’, but continues:] I think that nobody will infer from this that the Christian religion is built on these maxims, or that our knowledge of it is derived from these principles.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.47 of 5 – based on 39 votes

Author: admin